Welcome to *** Battle of the Day ***

Brought to you by ‘Clash of Steel’, an ongoing project to record, analyse, study and commemorate military engagements throughout history.
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The following anniversaries have been found for 30th November :
The French Revolutionary and Napoleonic Wars
The 223rd anniversary of the end of Kaiserslautern (Battle, 28 November 1793 – 30 November 1793)
(Part of French War of the First Coalition)
– A victory for Coalition Forces [Prussian & Saxon] over French Forces
The Prussians decisively defeated the much larger French force but did not follow up their success. The Prussians, under the Duke of Brunswick, followed a passive strategy on the orders of the Prussian King.
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The 208th anniversary of the end of Somosierra (Battle, 29 November 1808 – 30 November 1808)
(Part of The Peninsular Campaign)
– A victory for French Army of Spain [Napoleon] over Spanish Army [San Juan]
San Juan’s force were sent to hold up the French approach to Madrid by blocking the Somosierra Pass. On the 29th San Juan’s forward positions in the village of Sepulveda were over run. On the 30th troops fron Victor’s corps were working their way round the Spanish position when Napoleon ordered his personal escort cavalry to charge straight up the pass. They almost succeeded but 60 of the 80 were killed. A more coordinated attack of infantry supported by guns and in the later stages heavy cavalry eventually won the day. San Juan was killed by his own men when he attempted to stem their flight.
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The 203rd anniversary of Arnhem (Battle, 30 November 1813)
(Part of Napoleon’s Leipzig Campaign)
– A victory for Allied Forces over French Garrison
The fortified town of Arnhem was taken by storm and 2,500 of the garrison got away.
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American Civil War
The 152nd anniversary of Franklin (Battle, 30 November 1864)
(Part of Western Theatre, 1864)
– A victory for American Union Forces over American Confederate Forces
As part of John Bell Hood’s Tennessee campaign to attempt to draw off Sherman’s march through the South, he moved to split Thomas’ forces between Columbia and Nashville. He confronted Schofield at Columbia with a small force and much of his artillery, while his main force, with Forrest’s cavalry in the lead, made a flanking move to reach Spring Hill and cut him off from Nashville. Schofield guessed the ruse, however and fell back along the shorter line and after some rearguard action, reached the dug in positions around Franklin on the Harpeth before Hood. Hood decided to attack anyway and goaded his army of Tennessee into a frontal attack. Some of his lead brigades broke the Blue line, after following 2 outpost Union brigades so closely that the main force was unable to fire on them for fear of hitting their own, but once breached, the line was restored by Union reserves and the Rebels who had won the un defendable positions were cut down. Brutal fighting continued long after dark with both sides only breaking off after midnight, at which point Schofield’s troops continued their progress north to join Thomas at Nashville leaving an all but wrecked Confederate army behind them.
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First World War
The 102nd anniversary of the end of The Battles of Flanders (Campaign, 11 October 1914 – 30 November 1914)
(Part of The Western Front)
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The 102nd anniversary of the end of The Battle of The Yser (Battle, 16 October 1914 – 30 November 1914)
(Part of The Western Front, The Battles of Flanders)

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